Answered By: Rachel Willard Last Updated: Jan 31, 2019 Views: 8216
Reference citations or reference entries generally follow similar formats that include the author, year, title of the work, and publication information. However, each reference entry is a bit different. View some common reference examples below:
Article with a doi
Constantine, S. (2006). Correction in the countryside: Convict labour in rural Germany 1871-
1914. German History, 24(1), 39-61. doi:10.1191/0266355406gh362oa
Article with a URL
Intrigue, A., & Allure, P. (2006). An article without a DOI number. Journal of Citing Correctly,
99(3), 331-355. Retrieved from http://www.journalofcitingcorrectly.com
Mitchell, D., & Ruff, D. (1925). The menace in your neighborhood (5th ed.). Boston, MA:
Chapter in an edited book
Timmerman, B. (2010). Title of the chapter or article. In A. Cook & J. Patterson (Eds.), Title of
book here (pp. 30-45). New York, NY: Best Publishing House Ever
Content on an organization's website
The Word Bird Federation. (2001). The importance of our feathered friends. Retrieved from
Course study notes
Marshall, H. (2010). Multiple intelligences and pedagogy [Lecture notes]. Retrieved from
Discussion board posting
Osborne, C. (2010, June 29). Re: Environmental responsibility [Online discussion group].
Retrieved from http://laureate.ecollege.com/ec/crs/default.learn?
Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). (2009). Title of program here [DVD]. In Title of video here.
Baltimore, MD: Author.
Newspaper article (retrieved online)
Marshall, H. (2002, July 9). Title of article here. The New York Times. Retrieved from
Cook, C. (Producer). (2010). Title of video here [Video webcast]. Retrieved from
Barron, J. (2008). Self-efficacy in today’s high school classrooms [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved
See the right-hand column on this page for more common reference citation questions.
Do you have other general writing questions? E-mail the Writing Center at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Other questions about your doctoral capstone or the Form & Style review? E-mail the Dissertation Editors at email@example.com.
Want to peruse other writing resources? Go to the Writing Center’s homepage.