Answered By: Rachel Willard Last Updated: Jun 01, 2016 Views: 965
There are three main types of journal articles: print, online with a digital object identifier (DOI), and online without a DOI. See below for example reference entries and in-text citations.
References for all three of these types should begin with the same basic information: the author name(s), the publication year, the title of the article, the title of the journal, and the volume, issue, and page numbers.
Journal article references will typically use a DOI number or the webpage URL. If an article from a common academic research database does not have a DOI number, no DOI or URL is needed for the reference entry.
|Type of document||Example reference entry|
|Article with a DOI number||
Author, A., & Author, B. (2013). Sample article title in sentence case. Sample Journal Title in Title Case, 1(2), 31-42. https://doi.org/10.24.1234-56789
|Article with no DOI number found in a common academic research database||
Author, A., & Author, B. (2013). Sample article title in sentence case. Sample Journal Title in Title Case, 1(2), 31-42.
|Article with no DOI number found from an open access journal||
Author, A., & Author, B. (2013). Sample article title in sentence case. Sample Journal Title in Title Case, 1(2), 31-42. https://www.samplejournal.org/article/fullurl
Remember to insert a hanging indent for each reference entry. See the Academic Skills Center's tutorials to learn how to create a hanging indent.
In-text citations for journal articles include the same basic information that all in-text citations include: author's last name, publication year, and when needed, the page number. This information appears either narratively (as part of the sentence) or parenthetically.
|Citation type||Example sentence with citation|
|Part of the sentence||According to Kokkinos (2007), employers cause burnout when employees are stressed by too much work.|
|Parenthetical||Employers cause burnout when employees are stressed by too much work (Kokkinos, 2007, p. 38).|
For more details on giving credit to your sources in APA and formatting your document properly, take a look at the Writing Center's APA webpage.
For tips on citing electronic sources, see some of the Writing Center's other resources.
See more common reference entry examples on the Writing Center's website.
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