Answered By: Rachel Willard
Last Updated: May 02, 2017     Views: 935

To avoid passive voice, you must be direct and precise in your verb choices. Passive voice is a verb form that creates a sense of indirect action in a sentence and often conceals the subject of a sentence. Thus, the subject may or may not be clear in sentence.

While it is not wrong, using passive voice can make your writing seem vague. There are a few indicators of passive voice that you can look for in your writing:

  • Any form of the word to be. The words am, is, are, was, were, be, being, and been come before the verb in passive voice form.
  • The –en form of the verb. An –en verb form is an indication of passive construction. Some verbs don’t take an –en ending and use ­­–ed instead.
  • A by phrase. If the subject is included in the passive voice sentence, it is in a by phrase.

Once you have identified passive voice in your writing, try separating the subject. Ask yourself who or what is doing the action. Then, make that person or thing the subject of the sentence by moving it to the first place in the sentence. See a few examples below. 


  • Passive with was, -ed ending, and by phrase: The research was completed by the student.
    • Who or what did the action? The student.
    • Revision: The student completed the research.
  • Passive with were, -en ending, and by phrase: The pizzas were eaten by the hungry children.
    • Who or what did the action? The hungry children. 
    • Revision: The hungry children ate the pizzas.
  • Passive with missing subject: The cookie was taken. 
    • Who or what did the action? The reader does not know, so you may need to make up a subject. 
    • Revision: The child took the cookie. The teacher took the cookie.


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