Answered By: Rachel Willard Last Updated: May 02, 2017 Views: 30056
First, you will want to see How do I find a DOI? if you are uncertain as to whether or not your document has been assigned a DOI number.
If there is no DOI number given for your electronic article, use the direct URL to the journal homepage in your reference entry. This often means searching for the direct URL online. See How do I find a journal's URL? for search tips.
If there is no DOI number and no direct URL to the journal homepage (e.g., the URL goes through a password-protected database), use (a) the database homepage or (b) the database name and accession number.
Your reference entry should look something like these:
With a direct URL
Grammer, R. (2013). Death by chocolate. Journal of Bizarre and Fascinating Health Statistics, 5
(22), 222-229. Retrieved from https://madeupjournal.com
With a database and accession number
Grammer, R. (2013). Death by chocolate. Journal of Bizarre and Fascinating Health Statistics, 5(22), 222-229. Retrieved from
Premier Search Database.(Accession No. 184932)
- Find more details on citing electronic sources.
- Take a look at a PDF flowchart that addresses how to cite sources with and without DOI numbers.
- See some common reference entry examples on the Writing Center's website.
Would you like a current or future assignment to be reviewed by the Writing Center? If so please visit the Writing Center's Paper Review Website and make an appointment with us!
Do you have other general writing questions? E-mail the Writing Center at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Other questions about your doctoral capstone or the Form & Style review? E-mail the Dissertation Editors at email@example.com.
Want to peruse other writing resources? Go to the Writing Center’s homepage.