Answered By: Rachel Willard Last Updated: May 02, 2017 Views: 2102
When you use seriation or lists in APA, you must make all your lists parallel. This means that the items on your list need to be consistent with one another in content as well as grammatical structure. See more details on parallel construction.
Hierarchy in lists
For vertical lists, you can choose to use either bullet points or numbers to organize the parts of your list. Do note, though, that using numbers indicates a hierarchy of organization or prioritization.
Using commas in lists
For any list of more than two items, you will want to use a comma after each element except the very last one.
Example: I have traveled to England, Ireland, and Scotland.
Using lowercase letters in lists
APA also allows for the use of lowercase letters for lists that appear within a paragraph.
Example: Prince et al. (2013) claimed the three most important parts of APA were (a) reference lists, (b) in-text citations, and (c) formatting.
Using semicolons in lists
If you have a list that uses commas within the elements in the list, you’ll want to use semicolons instead.
Example: In the past 3 years, I have spent time sailing in Sydney, Australia; surfing in Los Angeles, California; and whale-watching off the coast of Portland, Maine.
Would you like a current or future assignment to be reviewed by the Writing Center? If so please visit the Writing Center's Paper Review Website and make an appointment with us!
Do you have other general writing questions? E-mail the Writing Center at email@example.com.
Other questions about your doctoral capstone or the Form & Style review? E-mail the Dissertation Editors at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Want to peruse other writing resources? Go to the Writing Center’s homepage.