Answered By: Rachel Willard
Last Updated: May 09, 2017     Views: 2354

Reference List

When creating a reference entry for a source with multiple authors, list all authors surnames and first initials if there are seven or fewer authors.

Wicks, M. S., Lauren, T. F., Hope, E. F., Frisk, T. T., Sanders, F. F., Terrace, E. W., & House, E. 
    F. (2006). What to do when you have seven authors. Journal of How-Tos, 34, 112–114. 
    doi:10.1191/0266355406gh362oa

If the source has eight or more authors, only identify the first six and the final authors listed. Use ellipses (...) to indicate missing authors.
Wicks, M. S., Lauren, T. F., Hope, E. F., Frisk, T. T., Sanders, F. F., Terrace, E. W., … House, E. 
    F. (2006). What to do when you have more than seven authors. Journal of How-Tos, 34
    112–114. doi:10.1191/0266355406gh362oa

 

In-text Citation

When citing a resource in your text that has two authors, you will list both authors every time you cite the source: (Albers & Banden, 2014) or Albers and Banden (2014)

When citing a resources that has three, four, or five authors, cite all of the authors the first time you cite the source, and then use et al. every time after that. First time: (Albers, Banden, & Camry, 2014) or Albers, Banden, and Camry (2014). Subsequent citations: (Albers et al., 2014) or Albers et al. (2014).

When citing a resource that has six or more authors, cite only the first author and et al. First time: (Albers et al., 2014) or Albers et al. (2014). Subsequent citations: (Albers et al., 2014) or Albers et al. (2014).

**Note that when you have a parenthetical citation (the entire citation is in parentheses), you need to use an ampersand (&).  If the citation is part of the sentence, you will use the word and. 

 

Additional Resources:

 

Further Questions?

Would you like a current or future assignment to be reviewed by the Writing Center?  If so please visit the Writing Center's Paper Review Website and make an appointment with us! 

Do you have other general writing questions? E-mail the Writing Center at writingsupport@waldenu.edu.

Other questions about your doctoral capstone or the Form & Style review? E-mail the Dissertation Editors at editor@waldenu.edu.

Want to peruse other writing resources? Go to the Writing Center’s homepage

Related Topics

More Information

Need more information? Ask us!

Or browse Quick Answers by Department.