Answered By: Rachel Willard
Last Updated: Jun 30, 2016     Views: 4293

Reference citations  or reference entries generally follow similar formats that include the author, year, title of the work, and publication information. However, each reference entry is a bit different. View some common reference examples below:

 

Article with a doi

Constantine, S. (2006). Correction in the countryside: Convict labour in rural Germany 1871-
    1914. German History, 24(1), 39-61. doi:10.1191/0266355406gh362oa

Last name & first initals of author(s): Constantine, S.  Publication Year: (2006). Article Title in sentence case: Correction in the countryside: Convict labour in rural Germany 1871-     1914. Jounral Name & Volume: German History, 24 Issue Number: (1), 39-61. Digitial object identifier: doi:10.1191/0266355406gh362oa

 

Article with a URL

Intrigue, A., & Allure, P. (2006). An article without a DOI number. Journal of Citing Correctly,
    99(3), 331-355. Retrieved from http://www.journalofcitingcorrectly.com

Last name and first intials of author(s): Intrigue, A., & Allure, P. Publication Year:  (2006).  Article title in: An article without a DOI number. Journal name: Journal of Citing Correctly,  Volume and issue number, page range:    99(3), 331-355. Journal homepage URL: Retrieved from http://www.journalofcitingcorrectly.com

 

Book

Mitchell, D., & Ruff, D. (1925). The menace in your neighborhood (5th ed.). Boston, MA:
    McGraw-Hill.

lane name, first initial, and middle initial (if given) of each other: Mitchell, D., & Ruff, D. Publication Year in parentheses: (1925). Book title, italicized and in sentence case capitalization: The menace in your neighborhood Edition number, if any other than first: (5th ed.). City, state (use two-letter abbreviation) for publisher's location: Boston, MA:     Publishers name: McGraw-Hill.

 

Chapter in an edited book

Timmerman, B. (2010). Title of the chapter or article. In A. Cook & J. Patterson (Eds.), Title of
    book here
(pp. 30-45). New York, NY: Best Publishing House Ever

last names and first initials of author(s): Timmerman, B. Publication year: (2010). Article or chapter title in sentence case: Title of the chapter or article. Volume editor(s) name: In A. Cook & J. Patterson (Eds.), Title (italicized, in sentence case): Title of     book here Page range of chapter: (pp. 30-45). City, state: New York, NY: Publisher: Best Publishing House Ever

 

Content on an organization's website

The Word Bird Federation. (2001). The importance of our feathered friends. Retrieved from
    http://www.madeupsitewithhyperlinkremoved.com 

Organization name: The Word Bird Federation. Publication year: (2001). Title of specific page on website: The importance of our feathered friends. Exact URL of webpage: Retrieved from     http://www.madeupsitewithhyperlinkremoved.com

 

Course study notes

Marshall, H. (2010). Multiple intelligences and pedagogy [Lecture notes]. Retrieved from
    http://www.exactURLofthenotes.com

Author: Marshall, H. Year composed (if unknown, us "n.d"): (2010).  Title of notes and format information: Multiple intelligences and pedagogy [Lecture notes]. Exact URL of notes: Retrieved from     http://www.exactURLofthenotes.com

 

Discussion board posting

Osborne, C. (2010, June 29). Re: Environmental responsibility [Online discussion group].
    Retrieved from http://laureate.ecollege.com/ec/crs/default.learn?
    CourseID=2321812&Survey=1&47=2565415&ClientNodeID=404183&

Author: Osborne, C. Date posted: (2010, June 29). Subject line of post and format information: Re: Environmental responsibility [Online discussion group].     Exact URL of post: Retrieved from http://laureate.ecollege.com/ec/crs/default.learn?     CourseID=2321812&Survey=1&47=2565415&ClientNodeID=404183&

 

DVD

Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). (2009). Title of program here [DVD]. In Title of video here.
    Baltimore, MD: Author.

Producer nameL Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). Copyright date: (2009). Title of program and format: Title of program here [DVD]. (Italicized and in sentence case): In Title of video here.     City, state: Baltimore, MD: Publisher (use "Author: if same as producer): Author.

 

Newspaper article (retrieved online)

Marshall, H. (2002, July 9). Title of article here. The New York Times. Retrieved from
    http://www.nytimes.com

Last names and first initials of author(s): Marshall, H. Exact publication date: (2002, July 9). Artical title in sentence case: Title of article here. Newspaper name: The New York Times. Publication homepage (if subscription is required) or exact URL (if no subscription is required): Retrieved from     http://www.nytimes.com

 

Online video/webcast

Cook, C. (Producer). (2010). Title of video here [Video webcast]. Retrieved from
    http://www.exactURLofvideo.com 

Producer name: Cook, C. (Producer). Copyright date: (2010). Title of video and format: Title of video here [Video webcast]. Exact URL of video: Retrieved from     http://www.exactURLofvideo.com

 

PowerPoint presentation

Barron, J. (2008). Self-efficacy in today’s high school classrooms [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved
    from http://www.ilhntl.bu.edu/cwt/index.htm

Author: Barron, J. Date: (2008). Title of presentation and format: Self-efficacy in today’s high school classrooms [PowerPoint slides]. Exact URL of presentation: Retrieved     from http://www.ilhntl.bu.edu/cwt/index.htm

 

Additional Resources:

 

Further Questions?

Do you have other general writing questions? E-mail the Writing Center at writingsupport@waldenu.edu.

Other questions about your doctoral capstone or the Form & Style review? E-mail the Dissertation Editors at editor@waldenu.edu.

Want to peruse other writing resources? Go to the Writing Center’s homepage

Related Topics

More Information

Need more information? Ask us!

Or browse Quick Answers by Department.