Answered By: Rachel Willard Last Updated: Jun 01, 2016 Views: 744
There are three main types of journal articles: print, electronic with a digital object identifier (DOI), and electronic without a DOI. See below for example reference entries and in-text citations.
References for all three of these types should begin with the same basic information: the author's last name(s), the publication year, the title of the article, the title of the journal, and the volume, issue, and page numbers.
Journal article references will typically use a doi number or the homepage URL. If your article does not have a doi number or a URL assigned, follow this flowchart regarding how to cite database sources.
|Type of document||Example reference entry|
|Article with a DOI number||Author, A., & Author, B. (2013). Sample article title in sentence case. Sample Journal Title in Title Case, 1(2), 31-42. doi:1234-56789|
|Article with no DOI number||Author, A., & Author, B. (2013). Sample article title in sentence case. Sample Journal Title in Title Case, 1(2), 31-42. Retrieved from http://www.samplejournal.org|
*Remember to insert a hanging indent for each reference entry. See the Academic Skills Center's tutorials to learn how to create a hanging indent.
In-text citations for journal articles include the same basic information that all in-text citations include: author's last name, publication year, and when needed, the page number. This information appears either as part of the sentence or parenthetically.
|Citation type||Example sentence with citation|
|Part of the sentence||According to Kokkinos (2007), employers cause burnout when employees are stressed by too much work.|
|Parenthetical||Employers cause burnout when employees are stressed by too much work (Kokkinos, 2007, p. 38).|
For more details on giving credit to your sources in APA and formatting your document properly, take a look at the Writing Center's APA webpage.
For tips on citing electronic sources, see some of the Writing Center's other resources.
See more common reference entry examples on the Writing Center's website.
Do you have other general writing questions? E-mail the Writing Center at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Other questions about your doctoral capstone or the Form & Style review? E-mail the Dissertation Editors at email@example.com.
Want to peruse other writing resources? Go to the Writing Center’s homepage.