Answered By: Rachel Willard
Last Updated: May 02, 2017     Views: 2619

There are three main types of journal articles: print, electronic with a digital object identifier (DOI), and electronic without a DOI. See below for example reference entries and in-text citations. 

 

References

References for all three of these types should begin with the same basic information: the author's last name(s), the publication year, the title of the article, the title of the journal, and the volume, issue, and page numbers.

Journal article references will typically use a doi number or the homepage URL. If your article does not have a doi number or a URL assigned, follow this flowchart regarding how to cite database sources. 

Type of document Example reference entry
Article with a DOI number Author, A., & Author, B. (2013). Sample article title in sentence case. Sample Journal Title in Title Case, 1(2), 31-42. doi:1234-56789
Article with no DOI number Author, A., & Author, B. (2013). Sample article title in sentence case. Sample Journal Title in Title Case, 1(2), 31-42. Retrieved from http://www.samplejournal.org

*Remember to insert a hanging indent for each reference entry. See the Academic Skills Center's tutorials to learn how to create a hanging indent.

 

In-text citations

In-text citations for journal articles include the same basic information that all in-text citations include: author's last name, publication year, and when needed, the page number. This information appears either as part of the sentence or parenthetically.

Citation type Example sentence with citation
Part of the sentence According to Kokkinos (2007), employers cause burnout when employees are stressed by too much work.
Parenthetical Employers cause burnout when employees are stressed by too much work (Kokkinos, 2007, p. 38).

 

 

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