Answered By: Rachel Willard
Last Updated: May 02, 2017     Views: 622

When you use argument in your writing, you are giving a position or making a claim that connects to a specific topic. Arguments must be (a) supported by evidence and (b) allow others to agree or disagree in part or as a whole. In other words, an argument must allow for scholarly conversation. 

Argument versus Statement

An argument is different than a statement. For example, consider the following sentences.

  • Statement: This paper is about childhood obesity and the use of electronic devices.
  • Argument: The use of electronic devices in childhood is the biggest factor in childhood obesity.

 

Using Evidence

An argument makes a claim and supports it with strong evidence. 

  • Evidence: According to Stevens (2012), 89% of children who played video games for more than 2 hours a day had a BMI of over 30.

 

Avoiding Logical Fallacies

However, as you make claims, be sure to avoid using opinion or logical fallacies (false logic) in place of scholarly evidence. 

  • Logical fallacy: Video games cause obesity.
    • Are all people who play video games obese? Are there other factors? Correlation does not mean that one action causes the other.

  

Additional Resources:

 

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