Answered By: Rachel Willard Last Updated: Jun 30, 2016 Views: 5753
Paraphrasing is your own unique explanation of another person's ideas. In paraphrasing, you must express the idea in your own words and your own sentence structure. Paraphrasing is not merely inserting synonyms to replace the words that the original author used.
Writers often paraphrase other sources' ideas to support new ideas. Strong paraphrasing helps researchers avoid unintentional plagiarism.
To paraphrase well, use the following process:
Read the information,
Comprehend the information, and
Rephrase the information in your own words and sentence structure.
Read the source material first.
Look away from your computer, book, article, or other source material.
Talk to someone else about what you read and explain what the source was talking about, or take out a blank page of paper and write out an explanation of the source's ideas.
Return to your computer and write down what you said or wrote out.
Paraphrasing is a difficult skill to learn, but practice will help you master it. Learn more about paraphrasing strategies.
If you are concerned about plagiarism, see the Academic Skills Center's explanation of plagiarism and how to avoid it.
Check out the "Avoiding Passive Plagiarism" self paced module that walks you through how to avoid unintentional plagiarism in paraphrasing.
Do you have other general writing questions? E-mail the Writing Center at email@example.com.
Other questions about your doctoral capstone or the Form & Style review? E-mail the Dissertation Editors at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Want to peruse other writing resources? Go to the Writing Center’s homepage.